How does self-concept affect communication? - PsychMoments (2023)

Have you ever wondered why you can tell when someone has low self esteem? I mean it's internal which we shouldn't know. But most of the time we notice when someone is not sure. It is evident in his language and mannerisms. How exactly does self-concept affect communication? I will go into detail about this in this article.


Have you ever wondered why you can tell when someone has low self esteem? I mean it's internal which we shouldn't know. But most of the time we notice when someone is not sure. It is evident in his language and mannerisms. How exactly does self-concept affect communication? I will go into detail about this in this article.

What is self concept?

"Who are you?" "What do you think of yourself?" What are your responses when these questions are asked? Your answer is your self-concept.

Self-concept is “a person's belief in himself, including characteristics of the person and who and what the self is” (Baumeister, 1999). It is your perception of yourself, the opinion or idea you have of yourself.

Self-concept can grow over time or evolve as we mature. We form new opinions about ourselves from people and our personal beliefs about ourselves. People believe that toopersonalityTrait has some influence on self-concept. Our self-concept can be influenced positively or negatively.

Examples of self-concept

A person's self-concept can be positive or negative. Here are some examples of self-concepts:

  • A student who thinks he is a slow learner
  • A person who thinks they are a great listener
  • A mom who thinks she's a great mom
  • A person who thinks they are friendly
  • A person who thinks they are a great speaker
  • A woman who thinks she is a mistake
  • A boy who thinks he's weird because all the kids at school say that
  • A person who thinks they are not smart
  • A person who thinks they are not artistic

How does self-concept affect communication?

Most behaviors are expressions of who we are inside. Some people become totally defensive and aggressive because they feel insecure. We are more likely to project our mental image of ourselves onto others through our behavior, including communication. These things show up in our verbal and non-verbal language and even the tone of our voices.

A person who grew up reserved and had no one to encourage them to speak up or even tell them that their opinions mattered would find it difficult to communicate well. They may stutter constantly, seem insecure, or avoid saying what's on their mind or feeling complete. They tend to evolvedoubtwhich is a result of your self-image. On the other hand, another person who thinks positively of themselves will be able to communicate effectively. They would likely have a high level of confidence and be able to fearlessly communicate what they believe and what they stand for.

Self-concept reflects our values ​​and how we accept social norms. That means how we react and prioritize certain issues also depends on how we see ourselves.

Did you know that much of communication is influenced by our perception and interpretation of things and events? Self-concept plays a large role in how we interpret information. Your interpretation of the information determines how you respond. These things are unconscious, which means that most of the time we are not even aware of what is happening.

self-image and self-concept

Self-image and self-concept are quite similar. As mentioned earlier, self-concept is a person's opinion of themselves based on what they know about themselves, influenced by various factors. Similarly, self-image also has to do with a person's opinion of themselves based on how they see themselves physically and mentally.

self-image and self-esteem

The value a person places on themselves is self-esteem. It can be high or low and is often influenced by external factors when we are not paying attention. A person's self-image and self-esteem contribute to their self-concept. It adds up to their opinion of themselves. Therefore, how rich or poor a person's self-image and self-esteem is will greatly affect their self-concept.

Why is communication critical to self-concept?

You may be wondering, “How does self-concept affect communication?” Communication is one of the factors that positively or negatively affect a person's self-concept. If you have good communication skills, you will feel confident. When people tell you that they think you're a good speaker, it also improves how you feel and think about yourself. Improves your overall self-concept.

(Video) How miscommunication happens (and how to avoid it) - Katherine Hampsten

Just as good communication skills have a positive effect on self-concept, poor communication skills also have a negative effect on self-concept. If you lack the ability to have a good conversation, it affects the way you think of yourself. You feel that you are lacking in this area and this consequently affects your self-image.

Importance of self-confidence in communication

Confidence is important for healthy and effective communication. If you think anything you have to say to someone else would be considered nonsense, that's low self-esteem. And it already gets in the way of effective communication because you wouldn't say those things because of your biases.

Having confidence in communication is very important to stand up for the things we really want or believe in. No one can magically know what you're thinking unless you say it. Your partner wouldn't know what they're not doing well if you don't talk to them about it if you feel like your opinion doesn't matter in this relationship. It also affects our other relationships; with our boss, a colleague, a schoolmate, a relative and so on. Confidence in communication should be prioritized.

How self-esteem affects your social communication

Just as I have explained how self-concept affects communication, an important determinant of self-concept is self-esteem. The way you see yourself largely affects the way you communicate and interact with others. A person with high self-esteem has a good opinion of themselves and will certainly reflect this in their communication with people. You can easily say this about them as they speak with confidence, maybe even charisma. On the other hand, someone with low self-esteem will not have the same reaction and will be more likely to avoid socializing or approach things with caution and fear.

How you feel about yourself also has a direct impact on your self-confidence. Your self-esteem determines your self-confidence. Whether you have low or high self-esteem determines the type of communication skills you can have as a person.

How self-esteem and lack of communication are related

The relationship between your self-esteem and poor communication skills is very closely intertwined. Often one thing leads to another. They may develop poor communication skills due to low self-esteem. And you can also develop low self-esteem due to poor communication skills.

If you have low self-esteem, you already have low self-confidence. So without intentional actions to improve, you probably won't have good communication skills. You would avoid situations where you need to talk to people about something you are not confident you can do.

Likewise, poor communication can result in a series of episodes that have left you feeling embarrassed and embarrassed. This, in turn, can lead you to have demeaning thoughts about yourself,doubthimself and lost his confidence. Ultimately, this can lead to low self-esteem.

assertiveness and communication skills

assertivenessis "the quality of being confident and not afraid to say what one wants or believes" - Cambridge Dictionary. It's a healthy way to communicate what you want or what you stand for, and it's an important part of communication.

It might not be wrong to say that most people with low self-esteem are not assertive people. However, people with high self-esteem are very self-confident, which has a positive effect on their communication with others.

Being assertive in our relationships with others is essential if we are to effectively communicate what we want and don't want, as the case may be. For example, some people find it difficult to speak up and say “no” to uncomfortable situations or requests. When people realize this truth about themselves, they tend to demand more of these favors from them andManipulationdefine. knowing that they have some boundary issues. As a result, people who lack assertiveness feel that other people are taking advantage of them because they cannot say no to them.

Your ability to be assertive, or lack thereof, greatly affects how you communicate with people and how they perceive you. You have to find a safe ground where you don't give so much to people when you lose yourself.

How to increase your self-concept and self-esteem

We have found that self-concept influences communication, so working on our self-concept is important for effective communication. It's true that your self-concept and self-esteem are greatly influenced by others, either positively or negatively. Even so, improving your self-esteem is not impossible. You may have a better opinion of yourself and greater self-esteem. There are some practical steps you can take to improve your self-esteem. They include:

  • Make a list of your strengths and focus on them instead of your weaknesses.
  • Focus only on positive thoughts instead of negative ones
  • Stop comparing yourself to others
  • love you for what you are
  • Let go of past hurts and guilt that may be pulling you back.
  • Celebrate your victories
  • Avoid pleasing people
  • Try new things and get out of your comfort zone
  • Avoid being around people who will only lower your self-esteem
  • Always remember that nobody is perfect and accept failure as part of your growth.
  • Set boundaries in your relationships with people and avoid putting yourself in situations where you are taken for granted or abusive
  • Learn to be confident and say "no" when necessary

How to improve your social communication skills

Good, healthy communication skills don't just come naturally. Nor are they for a select few. They can be learned, they can be improved. Here are some tips on how to improve your social communication skills:

start small

Set small goals that don't get you overly excited. An example is asking a stranger for directions to a place or asking a question in class.

people watching

If there are people who admire you for their communication skills, observe them and learn from them.

praise people

This can be very useful for many reasons. First, it helps you start a conversation with the person. It also makes the person feel good and sees you as a friendly person.

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Watch your body language

There are other ways to communicate besides verbal communication, and body language is one of them. Watch your body language at a social gathering. Be relaxed and calm. Instead of anxious, frowning or nervous.

improve your self-esteem

Often, low self-esteem is at the root of the problem of poor communication skills. One way to improve your communication skills is to improve your self-esteem as well. Work through your thoughts and opinions about yourself that may affect how you communicate with people. Then replace them with positives.

Read books written to improve social communication skills

A good place to start is Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People.

Assess yourself regularly

Check your progress and how well you are doing. And don't hesitate to celebrate your victories too!

Read more about the side effects of smoking dabs.

Frequently asked questions about self-concept and communication

What influences self-concept?

There are several factors that can affect a person's self-concept. Some of these include Communication, Age, Education, Childhood, Friends and Family, Physical Appearance, Age, Media, Gender, among others.

How do you know someone has a positive self-concept?

You know someone has a positive self-concept when they feel confident and satisfied with their abilities. They also avoid comparing themselves to others, and even when they do compare themselves, they do so in a healthy way.

Am I contributing to the development of other people's positive self-concept?

Yes, you can contribute to the development of other people's positive self-concept. Just as we develop our self-concept based on others' opinions of us, others form their self-concept based on our opinions of them. Therefore, we must be careful about what we say and how we say it to those around us.

How do you teach self-concept in early childhood?

Positively influencing a child's self-concept at an early age goes a long way in helping them become happier and contented adults. Some ways to do this are to give them generous praise instead of criticism; spend time with them; Avoid labeling them negative things when they misbehave and carefully correct them without giving them a low opinion of themselves that can carry into adulthood.

How can you develop your self-image?

Developing your self-concept involves practicing self-care, avoiding negative thoughts about yourself, accepting yourself for who you are, embracing your flaws, opening your mind to positive thoughts about yourself, and avoiding comparing yourself to other people.


A person's self-concept has a noticeable effect on their ability to communicate socially. But as we have learned, they can still be improved. The experiences you have made do not matter. Your communication skills can be worked on. The same goes for your self-image. Make sure you put work into the areas where you need it. And most importantly, filter the thoughts and opinions you have about yourself and remember not to consider the negative ones. They are the ones who bring you down.

(Video) How to stay calm when you know you'll be stressed | Daniel Levitin


Published in19. October 2022

VonOluwadamilola Falayi


  • Psychology
  1. October 31, 2022 at 8:05 p.m

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  2. How does self-concept affect communication? - PsychMoments (2)verbelutrioperbir it says:

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    1. How does self-concept affect communication? - PsychMoments (3)Oluwadamilola Falayi it says:

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How does self-concept affect your communication? ›


Where you place emphasis, what you focus on, and how you view your potential has a direct impact on your communication interactions. You gather a sense of self as you grow, age, and experience others and the world. Much of what you know about yourself you have learned through interaction with others.

How can self-concept affect communication negatively? ›

A person's self-perception affects how they communicate with others. If an individual has a poor self-perception, they may believe that others view them the same way. A person with low self-esteem might project their insecurities onto others, causing negative interpersonal interactions and poor communication.

How does self-concept affect communication brainly? ›

Your self-concept will determine whether or not people listen to your message.

What is an example of self-concept in psychology? ›

Each of us has parts of ourselves that we believe are the most important (Epstein, 1973). For example, an athlete might view their athleticism to be of central importance to their self-concept even though they also enjoy cooking and are part of a big family.

What is self-concept in communication examples? ›

Self-concept refers to the overall idea of who a person thinks he or she is. If I said, “Tell me who you are,” your answers would be clues as to how you see yourself, your self-concept.

How does self-concept affect communication quizlet speech? ›

Someone who has a high self-esteem is more likely to choose to communicate, and communicate effectively, than someone who has a low self-esteem. Someone with a low self-esteem is more likely to minimize or avoid communication.

How does self-concept affect? ›

Self-concept is how someone sees themselves and the perception that they hold about their abilities. There are various factors that can affect self-concept, these include: age, sexual orientation, gender and religion. The self-concept is also made up of a combination of self-esteem and self-image.

What are the effects of self-concept? ›

A healthy self-concept impacts the questions you typically ask yourself each day, and it affects how you interact with people, how you think about yourself, others, and circumstances. Putting all this together, your self-concept effectively determines what you will do or choose not to do at any given moment in time.

What is the impact of self-concept? ›

Your self-concept says a lot about who you are — to yourself and the world. It impacts your emotions and behaviors and can define the level of success you achieve. In other words, your self-concept is a self-fulfilling prophecy.

What is the relationship between self and communication? ›

You may be wondering the importance of self-esteem in interpersonal communication. Self-esteem and communication have a reciprocal relationship (as depicted in Figure 10.3). Our communication with others impacts our self-esteem, and our self-esteem impacts our communication with others.

How does self-concept affect social interaction? ›

Self-esteem and social interaction

Self-esteem may be an important link between chronic illness and disruptions in social relationships (Nicolson & Anderson, 2003). Individuals with low self-esteem may fail to preserve or form new social relationships because they are less likely to seek out social activities.

How can I improve my self-concept and communication? ›

2.5 Improving our Self Concept & Communication
  1. Improving Self Concept. Learning Objectives. ...
  2. Avoid Reliance on Rigid Schema. ...
  3. Be Critical of Socializing Forces. ...
  4. Beware of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies. ...
  5. Create and Maintain Supporting Interpersonal Relationships. ...
  6. Beware of Distorted Patterns of Thinking and Acting.

What is the importance of self-concept in psychology? ›

A healthy self-concept also has a major influence on psychological and social outcomes—it encourages the healthy development of: Personal and social abilities. Coping skills. Social interaction.

What is self-concept in psychology activity? ›

Popular Psychology Definitions of Self-Concept

The individual's belief about himself or herself, including the person's attributes and who and what the self is. Rogers (1959) suggested that self-concept has three core aspects: Self-Image – The view you have of yourself. Self-Worth – How much value you have in yourself.

What is self-concept in psychology notes? ›

Self-concept is an individual's knowledge of who he or she is. According to Carl Rogers, self-concept has three components: self-image, self-esteem, and the ideal self. Self-concept is active, dynamic, and malleable. It can be influenced by social situations and even one's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge.

Why is self important in communication? ›

Importance of Self-Understanding in Communication

Intrapersonal skills are fundamental to any form of communication. This is because you can only communicate to the degree you understand your own perspective. Your perspective is further affected by your level of awareness.

What is the concept of communication? ›

Communication is the actionable transfer of information from one person, group, or place to another by writing, speaking, or using a medium that provides a means of understanding. Every communication consists of a minimum of one sender, a receiver, and a message.

Why is communication critical to developing self-concept? ›

Developing a healthy self-concept enhances self-assurance, confidence and ability to lead a healthy lifestyle. By talking to other people, we are measuring our self-concept, good communication forms a strong concept when we get feedback and a reaction from our listeners.

How does communication begin with the self? ›

Public communication starts with intrapersonal communication, or communication with yourself. You need to know what you want to say before you can say it to an audience. Understanding your perspective can lend insight to your awareness, the ability to be conscious of events and stimuli.

What are 3 effects of a good self-concept? ›

Their findings show that people with high self-esteem generally have more success at school and work, better social relationships, improved mental and physical health, and less anti-social behavior.

What is self-concept in your own words? ›

Self-concept is not self-esteem, although self-esteem may be a part of self-concept. Self-concept is the perception that we have of ourselves, our answer when we ask ourselves the question “Who am I?” It is knowing about one's own tendencies, thoughts, preferences and habits, hobbies, skills, and areas of weakness.

What is the role of the self-concept? ›

Self-concepts represent knowledge structures that consist of beliefs about the self, including one's attributes, social roles, and goals. The main factors determining the formation of the self-concept of an individual are the environment as well as people with whom the individual lives.

What are the positive and negative effects of self-concept? ›

A positive self-image can boost our physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual well-being. On the other hand, a negative self-image can decrease our satisfaction and ability to function in these areas.

How does self-concept affect self identity? ›

With developing a sense of self on a psychological level, feeling as part of a greater body such as social, emotional, political bodies can affect how one feels about themselves. If a person is included or excluded from a group, that can affect how they form their identities.

How does self-concept affect mental health? ›

Someone with low self-esteem has negative feelings about themselves, believing that they are not worthy of love, happiness or success. With research linking low self-esteem to mental health issues and poor quality-of-life, this is a potentially dangerous way to live.

What types of communication is communication with self? ›

Intrapersonal communication is defined as communicating with oneself. Some scholars have expanded communicating with oneself to include a vast range of cognitive behaviors, mental entities (e.g., traits), and knowledge and processes (e.g., association and comparison).

What are the characteristics of self-concept in psychology? ›

The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals.

What is the most important concept in psychology? ›

The topics of sensation and perception are among the oldest and most important in all of psychology.

What are the 3 parts of self-concept psychology? ›

What are the 3 parts of self-concept?
  • Ideal self: your vision and ambitions of who you want to be.
  • Real self (self-image): how you currently see and perceive yourself.
  • Self-esteem: how much worth and value you believe you have.
Apr 12, 2022

What is self-concept in cognitive psychology? ›

The self-concept is viewed as the cognitive structure comprised of mental representations of oneself, and responsible for their integration and processing; it appears as the cornerstone of personality.

What is self-concept quizlet psychology? ›

The term self-concept refers to the. sum total of a person's beliefs concerning his or her own personal characteristics.

What is self-concept and how is it formed? ›

The way in which people perceive themselves creates the mental image or self-concept they have of themselves. That image often differs from the concept others have of them. Self-concept can be described as everything that people think and feel about themselves.

How does self-concept affect a person? ›

A healthy self-concept impacts the questions you typically ask yourself each day, and it affects how you interact with people, how you think about yourself, others, and circumstances. Putting all this together, your self-concept effectively determines what you will do or choose not to do at any given moment in time.

How does understanding your self-concept help you become a better communicator? ›

Importance of Self-Understanding in Communication

This is because you can only communicate to the degree you understand your own perspective. Your perspective is further affected by your level of awareness. That is, awareness is your ability to grasp various stimuli and events realistically or to a certain extent.

Why is self-concept important in psychology? ›

A healthy self-concept also has a major influence on psychological and social outcomes—it encourages the healthy development of: Personal and social abilities. Coping skills. Social interaction.

Why is self-concept important? ›

Our self-concept impacts how we respond to life, so a well-developed self-concept helps us respond in ways that are more positive and beneficial for us. One of the ways it does this is by enabling us to recognize our worth.

Why do we need to understand the concept of communication? ›

Good communication is critical in ensuring coordination and control of individuals, groups and departments. Good communication ensures individuals know what is expected of them, that the appropriate person receives the correct information and that there is coordination within the organisation.

How important is your understanding of the concept of communication? ›

It helps in understanding information given by friends and colleagues. Further, it ensures the expectations are met because the communication was understood and acted upon as expected. Good communication skills help in building relationships with friends and colleagues.

Why is it important to communicate with your self? ›

Chatting with your very self allows you to be more deliberate, more aware, granting you the time to process your thoughts and feelings and get to know who you are. During the hectic, sweaty storm that is everyday life, this allows you a moment to track your feelings, to reflect and refresh and relax.


1. Self-Regulation Skills: Why They Are Fundamental
(Committee for Children)
2. What is your self concept?
(Pat's Psychology Masters)
3. Wonder (2017) - Two Things About Yourself Scene (2/9) | Movieclips
4. How Culture Drives Behaviours | Julien S. Bourrelle | TEDxTrondheim
(TEDx Talks)
5. The Power of Positivity | Brain Games
(National Geographic)
6. How to Stop Being a People Pleaser
(The School of Life)


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