(a) Scope, Application and Definitions.
(1) Scope: This section covers the following activities, unless the employer can demonstrate that the activity does not involve worker exposure or that there is a reasonable possibility of risk to the safety or health of workers:
(A) Hazardous materials cleanup or removal work required by any federal, state, local, or other governmental agency involving hazardous materials performed at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites (including, without limitation, () Agency National Priority Environmental Protection (EPA) Site List (NPL), state priority site lists, EPA recommended sites, NPLs, and initial investigations of state-designated sites conducted prior to detecting the presence or absence of hazardous substances);
(B) Corrective actions related to the disposal of hazardous wastes at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) as amended (42 U.S.C. 6901.ff.) and Chapters 6.5 and 6.8 of Division 20 of California Health cheats and safety code;
(C) Voluntary cleanup activities at sites recognized by federal, state, local, or other government agencies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites;
(D) hazardous waste operations conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities regulated by 40 CFR Parts 264 and 265 in accordance with RCRA; or facilities regulated by Chapter 6.5 of Division 20 of the California Health and Safety Code; or through agencies in agreement with the U.S.E.P.A. implement RCRA regulations; Y
(E) Emergency response to a release of hazardous substances or a significant threat of a release of hazardous substances, regardless of the location of the hazard.
(A) All requirements of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations apply under its terms to hazardous waste operations (whether or not covered by this section). In case of conflict or overlap, the provision that best protects the safety and health of workers will control without regard to 8 CCR 3202(a).
(B) Remedial measures for hazardous substances under subparts (a)(1)(A) through (a)(1)(C) of this section shall comply with all subparts of this section except subparts (p) and (q).
(C) Operations under subsection (a)(1)(D) of this section need only meet the requirements of subsection (p) of this section.
NOTES AND EXCEPTIONS TO (a)(2)(C):
A. All provisions of subsection (p) of this section cover any treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) operation that is regulated and required by 40 CFR Parts 264 and 265 or by Chapter 6.5 of Division 20 of the Code of California Health and Safety. approved or has provisional status by the EPA under 40 CFR 270.1 or by the Department of Health Services (DHS) under Chapter 6.5 of Division 20 of the California Health and Safety Code.
B. Employers who are not required to have an intermediate permit or status because they are conditionally exempt small-capacity generators under 40 CFR 261.5 or are generators eligible under 40 CFR 262.34 for regulatory exemptions under 40 CFR Parts 264, 265, and 270 (" Exempt Employers”) are not covered by subsections (p)(1) through (p)(7) of this Section. Exempt employers that are required by EPA or a government agency such as the Department of Health Services (DHS) to involve their employees in emergency response, or instruct their employees to participate in emergency response, are included in subsection (p)(8) of this section and may not be waived by (p)(8)(A) of this section. Exempt employers who are not required to deploy employees in an emergency, who order their employees to evacuate in such emergencies, and who meet the requirements of subsection (p)(8)(A) of this section are exempt from the remainder of the subsection ( p)(8) of this section.
C. If an area is used for the treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous waste, all emergency procedures in that area must comply with subsection (p)(8) of this section. In other areas not used for hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal, any emergency response must comply with subpart (q) of this section. Compliance with the requirements of subsection (q) of this section shall be deemed compliance with the requirements of subsection (p)(8) of this section.
(D) Emergency procedures for the release or significant risk of release of hazardous substances not covered by subparts (a)(1)(A) through (a)(1)(D) of this section need only comply with the requirements with the Requirements of subsection (q) of this section.
(3) The definition.
Buddy System: A system in which employees are organized into work groups in such a way that each employee in the work group is designated to be observed by at least one other employee in the work group. The goal of the buddy system is to provide employees with quick assistance in an emergency.
Certified Employee: An employee who has met all training certification requirements set forth in subsection (e)(6) of this Section.
Certified Supervisor – A supervisor who has met all training certification requirements set forth in subsection (e)(6) of this section.
Remedial Operation – An operation that removes, contains, incinerates, neutralizes, stabilizes, disinfects, or processes or handles hazardous materials with the ultimate goal of making the site safer for people or the environment.
Decontamination: Elimination of hazardous substances from employees and their equipment to the extent necessary to rule out the occurrence of foreseeable health problems.
Emergency Response/Action: A response by immediate dismissal from outside the area or by other designated responders (e.g., mutual aid groups, local fire departments, etc.) to an uncontrolled release that may cause high exposure to materials toxic or poses a hazard to employees that requires immediate attention. Responses to accidental releases of hazardous substances where the substance can be absorbed, neutralized, or otherwise controlled at the time of the release by personnel in the immediate release area or by maintenance personnel are not considered in-scope emergency response. of this norm. Actions to release hazardous substances when there is no immediate risk to safety or health (eg, fire, explosion, or chemical exposure) are not considered emergency response.
NOTE: The "Immediate Release Area" may be the entire geographic boundary of the employee's assigned work area.
Facility: A. Any building, structure, facility, equipment, pipe or pipeline (including any pipeline to a sewer or public wastewater treatment plant), well, well, pond, lagoon, reservoir, ditch, storage tank, vehicle engine, rolling stock, or aircraft, or B. any site or area where a hazardous material is deposited, stored, removed, placed or found; however, it does not include consumer products for consumer use or vessels.
Hazardous Materials Response Team (HAZMAT): An organized group of employees designated by the employer who are expected to perform the work of managing and controlling actual or potential releases or spills of hazardous materials as close as possible to the required structure. Team members conduct responses to releases or potential releases of hazardous materials in order to control or stabilize the incident. A HAZMAT team is not a fire department, nor is a typical fire department a HAZMAT team. However, a HAZMAT team may be a separate component of a fire department or fire department.
Hazardous substances: Any substance identified or listed from A. to D. below, the exposure of which results or may result in adverse effects on the health or safety of workers:
A. Any substance defined in Section 103(14) of CERCLA or Sections 25316 and 25317 of the California Health and Safety Code;
B. Any biological agent and other pathogen that is or can reasonably be expected after its release into the environment and after exposure, ingestion, inhalation or assimilation in a person, either directly from the environment or indirectly through absorption into through food chains, resulting in death, disease, behavioral problems, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological dysfunction (including reproductive disorders), or physical deformities in such persons or their offspring;
C. All substances listed by the US Department of Transportation and regulated as hazardous materials under 49 CFR 172.101 and amendments; Y
D. Hazardous waste as defined herein.
Hazardous substance removal work: Cleaning work in the following locations:
A. A site where removal or repair action will be taken in accordance with any of the following:
1. Chapter 6.8 (commencing with Section 25300) of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Act, whether or not the site is included in Section 25356 of the Health and Safety Act.
2. Der bundesstaatliche Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601 ff.).
3. All operations included in subsections (a)(1)(A) through (a)(1)(C) of this section.
B. A location where corrective action is taken under Section 25187 or 25200.10 of the Health and Safety Code or the Federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 6901 et seq.).
C. A site where cleanup of a discharge of a hazardous substance is required under Division 7 (commencing with Section 13000) of the Water Code.
D. A site where cleanup or corrective action is being performed due to the discharge or release of a hazardous substance in an amount required by Section 13271 of the Water Code or the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 ( 42 U.S.C. § § 6901 et seq.). Hazardous materials removal work does not include work related to a highway spill of hazardous materials.
Hazardous Waste: A waste or combination of wastes as defined in 40 CFR 261.3 or regulated in California as a hazardous waste under Chapter 6.5, Division 20, California Health and Safety Code, or B. substances defined as hazardous waste in 49 CFR 171.8.
Hazardous Waste Operation: Any operation performed under this Regulation, including hazardous material removal work, as defined in Section 142.7(b) of the Labor Code.
Sanitary Landfill or Hazardous Waste Site: Any facility or place where hazardous waste operations are carried out within the scope of this Regulation.
Health Hazard: A chemical or pathogen that can cause acute or chronic adverse health effects in exposed workers. This includes stress due to extreme temperatures. The term health hazard includes chemicals classified under the Hazard Communication Standard, Section 5194 that have any of the following hazardous effects: Acute toxicity (any route of exposure); skin corrosion or irritation; serious eye damage or eye irritation; respiratory or skin sensitization; germ cell mutagenicity; carcinogenicity; reproductive toxicity; Specific target organ toxicity (single or repeated exposure); Aspiration toxicity or simple suffocation. (See Appendix A to Section 5194 Health Hazard Criteria (Required) for the criteria used to determine whether a chemical is classified as a health hazard.)
IDLH or Imminently Dangerous to Life or Health: An atmospheric concentration of a toxic, corrosive, or asphyxiant substance that presents an immediate threat to life, or that would cause delayed or irreversible effects on health, or would impair a person's ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.
Accidental Release: An accidental release is a release that does not present a hazard to the health or safety of workers and does not require immediate attention to prevent death or serious injury to workers.
Oxygen Deficiency: The volumetric concentration of oxygen below which respiratory protective air must be supplied. It occurs in atmospheres where the volume percent oxygen is less than 19.5 percent oxygen.
Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL): The exposure, inhalation, or dermal exposure limit specified in 8 CCR, Chapter 4, Subchapter 7, Groups 14 and 15; and Group 16, articles 107, 109 and 110.
Emergency Response – The portion of an emergency response that is conducted after the immediate release hazard has been stabilized or eliminated and site remediation has begun. If the post-emergency response is carried out by the employer's own employees who were part of the initial response, it is considered part of the first response and not the post-emergency response. However, if a group of employees of the employer itself, separate from the group conducting first response, performs the cleanup, then the separate group of employees is considered to conduct post-emergency response and is subject to subsection (q) (11) of this section.
Pre-Job Health and Safety Conference – A health and safety conference or briefing held prior to entering a site to begin work to remove hazardous materials.
Published Exposure Level: The exposure limits published in the NIOSH Recommendations for Occupational Safety and Health Standards 1988, incorporated by reference, or when no limit is specified, the exposure limits established in the standards published by the Conference Standards specified in the publication "Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices for 1989-90" dated 1989 were incorporated by reference.
Qualified Person: A person with specific training, knowledge, and experience in the area for which the person has responsibility and authority to control.
Single user toilet facility: A toilet facility with a user-controlled locking mechanism, with a toilet or a toilet and urinal.
Site Safety and Health Officer (or Official) – The person located at a hazardous waste site who is accountable to the employer and has the authority and knowledge to implement the site safety and health plan and ensure compliance with applicable health and safety standards. Review health requirements.
Small Volume Producer: A producer of hazardous waste that, in any calendar month, does not produce more than 1,000 kilograms (2,205 pounds) of hazardous waste for that month.
Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Site: An area where the accumulation of hazardous waste poses a threat to human health and safety or the environment, or both. Some locations are on public land, such as B. those created by former municipal, provincial, or state landfills where illegal or mismanaged disposal of waste took place. Other sites are on private property, often owned by producers or former producers of hazardous waste. Examples of such locations include, but are not limited to, surface impoundments, landfills, landfills, and tank or drum storage.
Normal operations at TSD sites are not included in this definition.
Uncontrolled Release: An uncontrolled release is the accidental release of a hazardous substance from its container. If the leak is not contained, stopped and eliminated, the leak would pose a hazard to workers in the immediate area(s) along the path of the leak or through its by-products or effects (such as toxic gases, fire, overpressure). , toxic gases or toxic particles.
(b) Safety and Health Program.
NOTE A(b): Safety and health programs developed and implemented to comply with other federal, state, or local regulations are considered acceptable to meet this requirement if they cover or are modified to the topics required in this subclause to cover them. This subsection does not require an additional or separate health and safety program.
(A) Employers must develop and implement a written safety and health program for their employees who handle hazardous waste. The program must be designed to identify, assess, and control health and safety hazards and provide emergency response for hazardous waste management.
(B) The written health and safety program must include:
1. An organizational structure;
2. A comprehensive work plan;
3. A site-specific health and safety plan that need not repeat the employer's standard operating procedures required in subsection (b)(1)(B)6. this section;
4. The health and safety training program;
5. The medical surveillance program;
6. The employer's standard operating procedures for safety and health; Y
7. All necessary interfaces between the general program and the specific activities of the site.
(C) Excavation at the site. Excavations created during initial site preparation or hazardous waste work must be properly braced or sloped to prevent accidental collapse in accordance with 8 CCR, Chapter 4, Subchapter 4, Article 6.
(D) Contractors and Subcontractors. An employer who engages contractors or subcontractors to work at hazardous waste facilities must inform those contractors, subcontractors, or their representatives of the site's emergency procedures and any potential fire, explosion, health, safety, or other hazardous material hazards. Report identified waste operations. by the employer, including those identified in the employer's information program. Each contractor/subcontractor is responsible for complying with all health and safety requirements for their employees. On-site contractors/subcontractors may use an employer health and safety plan if it adequately addresses their work and potential health and safety risks.
(E) Availability of the program. The written health and safety program must be available to all contractors or subcontractors, or their representatives, involved in hazardous waste operations; to the employees; to the representatives designated by the employees; to departmental representatives and employees of other federal, state, or local agencies with site regulatory authorities.
(2) Organizational structure Part of the placement program.
(A) The organizational structure portion of the program establishes the specific chain of command and establishes the general responsibilities of supervisors and employees. It includes at least the following elements:
1. A general supervisor (or certified hazardous waste disposal operations supervisor) who has the responsibility and authority to direct all hazardous waste operations.
2. A Site Health and Safety Supervisor who has the responsibility and authority to develop and implement the Site Health and Safety Plan and to verify compliance.
3. A person qualified for work defined as hazardous materials removal work required for air sampling planning, laboratory calibration of sampling equipment, evaluation of results of samples of soil or other contaminated materials, and for performing equipment testing and evaluating the results is responsible for the exams. .
4. All other personnel necessary for hazardous waste site operations and emergency response operations, and their general roles and responsibilities.
5. The lines of authority, responsibility and communication.
(B) The organizational structure will be reviewed and updated as necessary to reflect the current state of landfill operations.
(3) Site Program Comprehensive Work Plan Portion: The Program Comprehensive Work Plan portion addresses the mission and objectives of site operations and the logistics and resources necessary to achieve those missions and objectives.
(A) The comprehensive work plan must address anticipated cleaning tasks as well as normal operating procedures that need not replicate employer procedures available elsewhere.
(B) The comprehensive work plan must define work tasks and objectives and identify the methods for achieving those tasks and objectives.
(C) The comprehensive work plan defines the personnel requirements for the implementation of the plan.
(D) The comprehensive work plan must include provision of the training required in subsection (e) of this section.
(E) The comprehensive work plan must provide for the implementation of the information programs required by subsection (i) of this section.
(F) The comprehensive work plan will provide for the implementation of the medical surveillance program described in subsection (f) of this section.
(4) Site-specific health and safety plan as part of the program.
(A) General: The health and safety plan, which must be maintained at the site, must address the health and safety risks at each stage of the site's operation and contain the requirements and procedures for the protection of workers.
NOTE A (A): In general, a site plan organized as a single document, with subsections/exhibits covering all tasks, operations, and contractors/subcontractors, can be used to promote efficiency of utilization and to promote completeness, reliability. clarity and improve clarity. . and coordination.
(B) Elements: The site health and safety plan must address at least the following:
1. A health and safety risk or hazard analysis for each task and site operation included in the work plan.
2. Employee training assignments to ensure compliance with subsection (e) of this section.
3. Personal protective equipment (PPE) to be used by employees for all on-site tasks and operations performed under the personal protective equipment program in subsection (g)(5) of this section.
4. Medical surveillance requirements in accordance with the program in subsection (f) of this section.
5. Frequency and type of aerial monitoring, personnel monitoring, and environmental sampling techniques and instruments to be used, including methods of maintenance and calibration of the monitoring and sampling equipment to be used.
6. Site control measures in accordance with the site control program required in subsection (d) of this section.
7. Decontamination procedures in accordance with subsection (k) of this section.
8. An emergency plan that meets the requirements of subsection (yo) of this section for safe and effective emergency response, including necessary personal protective equipment and other equipment.
9. Procedures for entering confined spaces.
10. A spill containment program that meets the requirements of subsection (j) of this section.
(C) Pre-Entry Briefing – The site-specific safety and health plan must provide for pre-entry briefings prior to the start of any on-site activities and at other times necessary to ensure that employees are aware of on-site activities. the place. safety and health plan and that this plan is followed. The information and data generated from the site characterization and analysis work required in subsection (c) of this section will be used to establish and update the site health and safety plan.
(D) For work defined as hazardous materials removal work, a pre-job safety and health conference shall be held before the actual work begins. The conference shall include representatives of the owner or customer, the contractor, the employer, the workers and the workers' representatives; and must include a discussion of the employer's health and safety program and the means, methods, equipment, processes, practices, conditions, or operations that the employer intends to use to provide a safe and healthful workplace.
(E) Effectiveness of site health and safety plan: Inspections shall be carried out by the site health and safety officer or, in his absence, another person with knowledge of occupational health and safety who, if necessary, acts in name of the given employer. the effectiveness of the site health and safety plan. Any deficiencies in the effectiveness of the site health and safety protection plan must be remedied by the employer.
(c) characterization and analysis of the site.
(1) General: Hazardous waste sites must be assessed under this subsection to identify site-specific hazards and establish necessary safety and health control procedures to protect workers from identified hazards.
(2) Preliminary Assessment: A qualified person must conduct a preliminary assessment of the characteristics of a site prior to entering the site to assist in the selection of appropriate methods to protect workers prior to entering the site. Immediately after entering the site for the first time, a more detailed assessment of the specific characteristics of the site should be made by a qualified person to better identify existing hazards on the site and assist in the selection of appropriate engineering controls and personal protective equipment. for the tasks to be done.
(3) Hazard Identification: All suspected conditions that may present an immediate threat to life or health from inhalation or skin absorption hazards (IDLH), or other conditions that could result in death or serious injury, must be identified during identification. preliminary investigation and evaluation. during the detailed survey. Examples of such hazards include, but are not limited to, entering confined spaces, potentially explosive or flammable situations, visible vapor plumes, or areas containing biological indicators such as dead animals or vegetation.
(4) Required Information – The following information, if available, must be obtained from the employer before employees are allowed on company premises:
(A) Location and approximate size of the site.
(B) Description of the response activity and/or work item to be performed.
(C) Duration of the employee's planned activity.
(D) Land topography and accessibility by air and land.
(E) Anticipated health and safety risks at the site.
(F) Routes of spread of hazardous materials.
(G) Representation of the state and capabilities of emergency response teams that would assist hazardous waste disposal site personnel in the event of an emergency.
(H) Hazardous materials and health hazards present or expected at the site and their chemical and physical properties.
(5) Personal Protective Equipment: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be provided and used on initial site entry in accordance with the following requirements:
(A) Based on the results of the preliminary site assessment, a combination of PPE is selected and worn at initial site entry that provides protection against an exposure level below the PELs and published exposure levels for substances known or suspected hazardous and health hazards and provides protection against other known and suspected hazards identified during the preliminary site assessment. If there is no published PEL or exposure value, the employer may use other published studies and information as guidance for proper personal protective equipment.
(B) If a positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is not used as part of the entry assembly, and if potential hazards identified during preliminary site survey warrant respiratory protection, a self-contained breathing apparatus of at least Staff must provide a five-minute duration when first entering the site.
(C) If the preliminary site assessment does not provide sufficient information to identify the hazards or suspected hazards at the site, an ensemble that provides protection equivalent to Level B PPE must be provided as the minimum level of protection and identification must be direct, where applicable, legible. instruments to use the IDLH conditions. (See Appendix B for guidelines on Level B protective equipment and a description of Level B hazards.)
(D) Once site hazards have been identified, the appropriate PPE must be selected and worn in accordance with subsection (g).
(6) Surveillance: The following surveillance will be performed upon initial site entry, when site evaluation provides information showing the potential for ionizing radiation or IDLH conditions, or when site information is insufficient to rule out those possible conditions:
(A) Monitoring with direct reading instruments for dangerous levels of ionizing radiation.
(B) Air monitoring with appropriate direct reading test equipment (for example, combustible gas meters, detector tubes) for IDLH and other conditions that can cause death or serious injury (flammable or explosive atmospheres, oxygen deficiency, substances toxic).
(C) Visual observation for signs of actual or potential IDLH or other hazardous conditions.
(D) A continuing aerial surveillance program shall be conducted in accordance with subpart (h) after site characterization has determined that the site is safe to begin operations.
(7) Hazard Identification: Having determined the presence and concentrations of certain hazardous substances and health risks, the hazards associated with those substances must be identified. Employees working on the construction site must be informed of any identified hazards. In situations covered by the hazard communication standard 8 CCR 5194, it is not necessary to repeat the training required by that standard.
NOTE A (c)(7): Risks to consider include, but are not limited to:
A. Exposures that exceed published PELs and exposure levels.
B. IDLH Concentrations.
C. Potential sources of absorption and skin irritation.
D. Potential sources of eye irritation.
E. Sensitivity to explosions and flammability zones.
F. Lack of oxygen.
(8) Worker Notification: All information on the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties of all substances known or expected to be present on the site that is available to the employer and that is relevant to the tasks to be performed a worker must make himself available to affected employees before starting work activities. The employer may use the information developed for the Hazard Communication Standard 8 CCR 5194 for this purpose.
(d) Control of the Site.
(1) General: Before cleanup operations begin, appropriate site control procedures must be implemented to control employee exposure to hazardous materials.
(2) Site control program: A site control program to protect employees, which is part of the employer's occupational safety and health program required in subsection (b) of this section, must be developed during the phase of a hazardous waste remedial action plan and modified as necessary as new information becomes available.
(3) Elements of the site monitoring program: The site monitoring program shall contain at least: a site plan; work zones on the site; the use of a "buddy system"; location communications, including emergency alert means; standard operating procedures or safe work practices; and identification of the nearest medical assistance. Where these requirements are covered elsewhere, they need not be repeated.
(A) All on-site personnel (including, but not limited to, equipment operators, general laborers, and others) who are exposed to hazardous materials, health hazards, or safety hazards, as well as their supervisors and the responsible site management must Receive training that meets the requirements of this Subsection before they are permitted to perform any work with hazardous waste that could expose them to hazardous substances, safety or health hazards and receive detection training as specified in this Subsection.
(B) Employees are not permitted to participate in or supervise field activities until they have been trained to the level necessary for their role and responsibility.
(2) Points to be covered: The training must fully cover:
(A) names of personnel and their deputies responsible for safety and health at the site;
(B) the safety, health, and other hazards present on the premises;
(C) use of PPE;
(D) work practices that enable the employee to minimize the risks of hazards;
(E) safe use of on-site engineering controls and equipment;
(F) medical surveillance requirements, including detection of symptoms and signs that may indicate overexposure to hazards; Y
(G) Subsections 7 through 10 of the site health and safety plan set forth in subsection (b)(4)(B) of this section.
(3) initial formation.
(A) General site workers (such as equipment operators, general laborers, and supervisors) who are involved in hazardous materials removal or other activities that expose or potentially expose workers to hazardous materials and health hazards must receive at least 40 hours of on-site instruction and at least three days of hands-on on-site experience under the direct supervision of a trained and experienced supervisor.
(B) On-site workers who are only occasionally employed for a specific limited task (such as, but not limited to, groundwater monitoring, land surveying, or geophysical surveying) and who are not likely to be exposed across PELs and exposure levels published, receive at least 24 hours of off-site instruction and at least one day of hands-on on-site experience under the direct supervision of a trained and experienced supervisor.
(C) Workers who are regularly on-site working in fully characterized and monitored areas that indicate exposures are below published PELs and exposure levels where respirators are not required and characterization shows no health hazards exist. health or the possibility of an emergency develops, they must receive at least 24 hours of off-site instruction and at least one day of on-site practical experience under the direct supervision of an experienced and trained supervisor.
(D) Workers with 24 hours of training covered by subsections (e)(3)(B) and (e)(3)(C) of this section who become general site workers or are required to wear protective equipment must have passed the additional 16 hours and two days of training required to complete the training specified in subsection (e)(3)(A).
(4) Manager and Supervisor Training: On-site managers and supervisors directly responsible for hazardous waste management or employee supervision will receive 40 hours of initial training and three days of supervised field experience (training may be extended up to April 24th). one day if your only area of responsibility is employees covered by subsections (e)(3)(B) and (e)(3)(C)), and at least eight additional hours of specialized training in hazardous operations Waste in work assignment time on topics such as, but not limited to, the employer's safety and health program and associated employee training program, PPE program, spill containment program, and hazard monitoring procedures and techniques to health .
(5) Qualifications of trainers: Trainers must be able to instruct employees on the content covered in the training. These instructors must have successfully completed a training program in teaching the subjects they are assigned to teach, or have the academic qualifications and teaching experience required to teach the subjects. Instructors must demonstrate competent teaching skills and subject matter knowledge.
(6) Training Certification: Employees and supervisors who have received and successfully completed the training and field experience specified in subsections (e)(1) through (e)(4) of this section shall be certified by their instructor or lead instructor. Trained supervisor as successfully completed training. A written certificate shall be delivered to each person so certified. Any person who is not certified or who does not meet the requirements of subsection (e)(9) of this section is prohibited from working with hazardous waste.
(7) Emergency Response: Employees responding to hazardous emergencies at hazardous waste cleanup sites where they may be exposed to hazardous substances shall receive training on how to respond to such anticipated emergencies.
(8) Refresher Training: The employees referred to in subsection (e)(1) of this section and the managers and supervisors referred to in subsection (e)(4) of this section shall receive eight hours of refresher training per year in the matters referred to in subsection (e)(2) and/or (e)(4) of this section, any criticism of incidents that occurred in the last year that may serve as examples of training for related jobs, and other relevant topics.
(9) Equivalent Education: Employers who can demonstrate through documentation or certification that an employee's work experience and/or education has resulted in an education equivalent to that specified in subsections (e)(1) through (e)(4 ) of this required to provide these employees with the initial training requirements of these subsections. However, certified employees or employees with equivalent training who are new to a location must receive appropriate, location-specific training prior to entering the location and have appropriate supervised field experience at the new location. Equivalent training includes any academic training or training existing employees have already received through actual work experience at hazardous waste sites.
(f) Medical supervision.
(1) General: Employers listed in subsections (a)(1)(A) through (a)(1)(D) of this Section and not covered by (a)(2)(C) Exceptions, and Employers of Employees under subsection (q)(9) shall implement a medical surveillance program in accordance with this subsection.
(2) Insured employees: The medical surveillance program is established by the employer for the following employees:
(A) Any employee who is or may be exposed to hazardous substances or health hazards at or above the PELs or, if there are no PELs, above the published exposure levels for those substances for 30 days, regardless of respirator use or more per year.
(B) Any employee who uses a respirator at any part of the day for a period of 30 or more days per year or as defined in 8 CCR 5144.
(C) Any employee who is injured, becomes ill, or develops signs or symptoms due to possible overexposure to hazardous materials or health risks due to an emergency response or hazardous waste operation; Y
(D) Members of HAZMAT teams.
(3) Frequency of Medical Examinations and Consultations: The Employer shall also make available medical examinations and consultations for each employee who falls under subsection (f)(2) in accordance with the following schedules:
(A) For employees covered by subsections (f)(2)(A), (f)(2)(B), and (f)(2)(D):
1. Before the commitment.
2. At least once every twelve months for each insured worker, unless the treating physician deems a longer interval appropriate (no more than every two years).
3. Upon termination of employment or transfer to an area where the employee would not be insured if the employee has not been tested within the last six months.
4. As soon as possible after an employee reports that the employee has developed signs or symptoms that suggest possible overexposure to hazardous materials or health hazards, or that the employee is injured or in an emergency situation above PELs or published exposure levels. .
5. At shorter intervals if the examining physician determines that a greater frequency of examinations is medically necessary.
(B) For workers covered by subsection (f)(2)(C) and for all workers, including those of employers covered by subsection (a)(1)(E), who may have been injured, have suffered health impairments and have developed signs or symptoms that may have arisen from exposure to hazardous substances as a result of an emergency or have been exposed to hazardous substances at levels above the PELs or published exposure levels during an emergency, without wear required personal protective equipment to become:
1. As soon as possible after the emergency or the development of signs or symptoms;
2. At other times, when the examining physician determines that follow-up exams or visits are medically necessary.
(4) Content of medical examinations and consultations.
(A) The medical examinations required under subsection (f)(2) of this Section shall include a medical and employment history (or an updated history if one is on the worker's record) with particular emphasis on symptoms associated with the handling of dangerous substances and health problems. cover hazards and fitness for work, including the ability to wear required PPE under conditions (eg, extreme temperatures) expected in the workplace.
(B) The content of any medical examination or consultation provided to employees under paragraph (f) shall be determined by the examining physician. Guidelines in the Occupational Health and Safety Guide for Hazardous Waste Site Activities should be consulted (see Appendix D, Reference #10).
(5) Medical examinations and costs: All medical examinations and interventions must be performed by or under the supervision of a licensed physician, preferably a physician trained in occupational medicine, and must be provided at no charge to the employee, without loss of pay, and at a reasonable time and place.
(6) Physician information: The employer must provide the treating physician with a copy of these guides and their annexes, as well as the following for each employee:
(A) A description of each employee's responsibilities related to employee exposure.
(B) Exposure levels or expected exposure levels of each worker.
(C) A description of any PPE used or to be used by each employee.
(D) Information from previous medical examinations of each employee that is not readily available to the examining physician.
(E) Information required by 8 CCR 5144 for each employee.
(7) Written report from the physician.
(A) The Employer must obtain and provide the Employee with a copy of a written report from the examining physician stating:
1. The physician's opinion as to whether the employee has been diagnosed with a medical condition that would place the employee at greater risk of seriously harming the employee's health from working at hazardous waste facilities or emergency response operations, or from the use of of respirators.
2. The restrictions to the work assigned to the worker, recommended by the doctor.
3. A statement that the physician has informed the employee of the results of the medical examination and of any medical conditions that require further evaluation or treatment.
(B) The written report obtained from the employer shall not contain any specific findings or diagnoses not related to occupational exposure.
(C) The doctor will provide the results of the examination and medical tests to the employee who requests them.
(A) An accurate record of the medical surveillance required under subsection (f) shall be maintained. These records must be retained for the specified period and meet the criteria of 8 CCR 3204.
(B) The record required by subsection (f)(8)(A) shall contain at least the following information:
1. Employee's name and social security number.
2. Written medical opinions, recommended restrictions, and results of examinations and tests.
3. All employee medical complaints related to exposure to hazardous substances.
4. Copy of the information provided by the employer to the examining physician, with the exception of the standard and its annexes.
(g) Engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment to protect workers: Engineering controls, work practices, PPE, or a combination thereof must be implemented in accordance with this subsection to protect workers from exposure to hazardous materials and safety and health. dangers
(1) Engineering, work practice, and PPE controls for substances listed in 8 CCR, ch. 4, subchap. 7, groups 14, 15 and 16.
(A) Engineering and work practice controls shall be implemented to reduce and maintain employee exposures at or below the PELs of substances controlled by 8 CCR 5155, except to the extent such controls and practices are impracticable.
NOTE A(g)(1)(A): Engineering controls that may be practicable include the use of pressurized or control cabinets on the equipment and/or the use of remote controlled material handling equipment. Work practices that may be feasible include removing all non-essential personnel from possible exposure by opening drums, wetting dusty operations, and locating personnel downwind of potential hazards.
(B) Whenever engineering controls and work practices are impractical or not required, any reasonable combination of engineering controls, work practices, and PPE must be used to protect workers to control exposure to specified PELs or exposure limits for 8 controlled substances or even to reduce the CCR, chap. 4, subchap. 7, group 16.
(C) The employer shall not implement a staff rotation schedule as a means of meeting PELs or exposure limits, unless there is no other practical way to meet applicable ionizing radiation exposure standards.
(D) The provisions of 8 CCR, Cap. 4, subchap. 7, groups 14 and 15 will be followed.
(2) Engineering, work practice, and PPE controls for substances not listed in 8 CCR, Ch. 4, subchap. 7, Groups 14, 15, and 16: An appropriate combination of engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment must be used to reduce employee exposure to published exposure levels for hazardous materials and health hazards that are not below 8 and are less. maintained CCR, chap. 4, subchap. 7, Groups 14, 15, and 16. The employer may use published literature and Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) as a guide to help the employer decide what level of protection it considers appropriate for hazardous substances and health hazards for employees. which there is no PEL or are published. the exposure value exists is.
(3) Selection of personal protective equipment.
(A) Personal protective equipment (PPE) must be selected and used to protect employees from the hazards and potential hazards they are likely to encounter, as identified during site characterization and analysis.
(B) The selection of personal protective equipment shall be based on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the PPE in relation to the requirements and limitations of the site, the specific conditions and duration of the task, and the hazards and potential hazards identified in the place.
(C) Positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or positive-pressure breathing apparatus equipped with an exhaust supply must be used when existing levels of chemical exposure create a significant possibility of immediate death, serious illness, or injury, or impair health capacity. to escape
(D) Fully encapsulating chemical protective suits (protection equivalent to Protection Level A as recommended in Appendix B) must be used in conditions where dermal absorption of a hazardous substance would result in a significant possibility of imminent death. , serious illness or injury or would impair the ability to escape.
(E) The level of protection offered by the selection of PPE must be increased when additional information on site conditions shows that increased protection is required to reduce worker exposures below the established PEL and published exposure levels for dangerous substances and health risks. (See Appendix B for guidance on selecting PSA sets.)
(F) Personal protective equipment must be selected and used to meet the requirements of 8 CCR, ch. 4, subchap. 7, Group 2, Articles 10 and 10.1 and 8 CCR 5144 of the General Industry Safety Orders and additional requirements identified in this section.
NOTE A(g)(3): The required level of protection for workers may be reduced if additional information or site conditions demonstrate that the reduced protection will not result in hazardous exposure of workers.
(4) Fully encapsulating chemical protective suits.
(A) Fully encapsulating suits protect personnel from particular hazards identified during site characterization and analysis.
(B) Fully enclosing suits must be capable of maintaining positive air pressure. (See Appendix A for a test method that can be used to assess this requirement.)
(C) Fully encapsulating suits must be capable of preventing more than 0.5 percent inward leakage of test gas. (See Appendix A for a test method that can be used to assess this requirement.)
(5) Personal protective equipment (PPE) program: A written personal protective equipment program that is part of the employer's safety and health program required by subsection (b) of this section or by subsection (p)( 1) of this section and which is also part of the site-specific health and safety plan. The PSA program must address the elements listed below. If items such as B. Donning and doffing procedures are provided by the manufacturer of an item of equipment and attached to the plan; they do not need to be rewritten in the plan as long as they adequately address the procedure or element.
(A) selection of PPE based on site hazards,
(B) PPE use and equipment limitations,
(C) Duration of work assignment,
(D) maintenance and storage of PPE,
(E) decontamination and disposal of PPE,
(F) PPE training and proper fit,
(G) procedures for donning and doffing PPE,
(H) inspection procedures for PPE before, during and after use,
(I) evaluate the effectiveness of the PSA program and
(J) Restrictions on extreme temperatures, heat stress, and other appropriate medical considerations.
(A) Monitoring shall be conducted in accordance with this subsection when it comes to worker exposure to hazardous levels of hazardous substances to ensure the proper selection of engineering controls, work practices, and PPE to ensure that workers are not exposed. PEL levels or exceed published exposure. levels where no PEL is available for hazardous substances.
(B) Air monitoring is used to identify and quantify airborne contaminants and health and safety risks to determine the appropriate level of protection for on-site workers.
(2) First Entry: At the first entry, a representative aerial surveillance will be conducted to identify IDLH conditions, exposure above published PELs or exposure levels, exposure above dose limits of a radioactive material or other dangerous situations, such as the presence of flammable atmospheres. or environments with little oxygen.
(3) Periodic Monitoring – Periodic monitoring must be conducted when the possibility of an IDLH condition or a flammable atmosphere has developed or when there are indications that exposures may have increased above published PELs or exposure levels since the previous monitoring. Situations in which it is necessary to assess whether there is a possibility of increased exposures are as follows:
(A) When you start working on another part of the website.
(B) When handling contaminants other than those previously identified.
(C) When another type of operation is initiated (eg, drumming versus exploratory drilling).
(D) When personnel handle leaking drums or containers or work in areas of apparent liquid contamination (eg, spill or lagoon).
(4) Monitoring of high-risk workers: After starting the actual cleaning phase of hazardous waste; for example when moving or moving earth, surface water or containers; The employer must monitor those employees likely to have the highest exposures to hazardous substances and health risks, likely to exceed the PEL or published exposure levels, by taking personal samples frequently enough to characterize employee exposure.
If employees most likely to be exposed are above the PELs or published exposure levels, monitoring should continue to identify employees likely to be above these limits. The employer can apply a representative sampling approach by documenting that the employees and chemicals selected for monitoring are based on the above criteria.
NOTE A(h): Monitoring of personnel involved in site characterization activities that fall under subsection (c) of this section is not required.
(i) Information Programs: Employers shall develop and implement a program, as part of the employer's occupational safety and health program required in subsection (b) of this section, to inform workers, contractors, and subcontractors (or their representatives) in which they are actually involved in hazardous waste operations as to the nature, level, and level of exposure likely to arise as a result of involvement in such hazardous waste operations. Employees, contractors, and subcontractors who work outside of the operational portion of a site are not covered by this rule.
(j) Handling drums and containers.
(A) Hazardous materials and contaminated soil, liquids, and other wastes shall be managed, transported, identified, and disposed of in accordance with this subsection.
(B) Drums and containers used during cleanup must meet applicable DOT, OSHA, and EPA standards for the waste they contain.
(C) Whenever practicable, drums and containers shall be inspected and their integrity assured before they are moved. Drums or containers that cannot be inspected prior to shipment due to storage conditions (i.e. buried underground, stacked behind other drums, stacked several levels in a stack, etc.) must be moved to an accessible location and inspected prior to shipment. to continue processing Handling.
(D) Unmarked drums and containers are considered to contain hazardous materials and will be handled accordingly until the contents are positively identified and labeled.
(E) On-site operations must be arranged to minimize the amount of drum or container movement.
(F) Before transporting drums or containers, all personnel who are exposed to the handling operation must be made aware of the potential hazards associated with the contents of the drums or containers.
(G) Drums or salvage containers specified by the US Department of Transportation (DOT) and appropriate amounts of an appropriate absorbent must be available and used in areas where spills, leaks, or ruptures may occur.
(H) Where major spills may occur, a spill containment program, part of the employer's occupational safety and health program required in subsection (b) of this section, shall be implemented to contain and isolate the entire volume of hazardous substance. transferred.
(I) Drums and containers that cannot be moved without ruptures, leaks, or spills shall be emptied into a secure container using equipment rated for the material being transferred.
(J) A ground penetrating system or other type of detection system or device must be used to estimate the location and depth of buried drums or containers.
(K) Care must be taken when removing soil or covering material to avoid breaking drums or containers.
(L) Fire fighting equipment that meets the requirements of 8 CCR, ch. 4, Subcap.7, Group 27 of the General Industry Safety Orders must be operational to fight incipient fires.
(2) Opening Drums and Containers: The following procedures shall be observed in areas where drums or containers are opened:
(A) When using an airline breathing apparatus system, connections to the air cylinders must be protected from contamination and the entire system must be protected from physical damage.
(B) Employees not involved in opening drums or containers must maintain a safe distance from the drums or containers to be opened.
(C) When workers are required to work near or next to drums or openable containers, adequate guarding that does not interfere with the flow of work must be placed between the worker and the drums or openable containers to protect to the worker in the event of an accidental explosion protection.
(D) Controls for drum or container opening equipment, surveillance equipment, and fire suppression equipment shall be located behind the blast-resistant barrier.
(E) When there is a reasonable possibility that a combustible atmosphere exists, material handling equipment and hand tools must be designed to avoid sources of ignition.
(F) Drums and containers shall be opened in such a manner that excess internal pressure is safely vented. If pressure cannot be relieved from a remote location, adequate guarding must be placed between the employee and the drums or containers to reduce the risk of injury to the employee.
(G) Employees shall be instructed not to stand on or work with drums or containers.
(3) Material Handling Equipment: Material handling equipment used to transfer drums and containers must be selected, positioned, and operated to minimize equipment-related ignition sources by igniting fumes released from ruptured drums or containers. .
(4) Radioactive waste: Drums and containers containing radioactive waste will not be handled until their danger to workers has been adequately assessed.
(5) Impact sensitive waste: When handling drums and containers containing impact sensitive waste or when it is suspected, at least the following special precautions must be taken:
(A) All non-essential personnel must be evacuated from the transfer area.
(B) Industrial trucks must be equipped with explosive containment devices or protective shields to protect equipment operators from exploding containers.
(C) A personnel alert system, audible to ambient light and noise conditions, shall be used to signal the initiation and completion of explosive waste management activities.
(D) Continuous communications (i.e., portable radios, hand signals, telephones, as appropriate) must be maintained between the employee responsible for the immediate handling area and the site health and safety supervisor and command post until such time as handling operation is carried out. is closed. Devices or methods of communication that can detonate shock sensitive materials must not be used.
(E) Pressurized drums and containers, which are identifiable by bulges or swelling, shall not be moved until the cause of the excessive pressurization has been determined and appropriate containment procedures have been implemented to protect personnel from venting the explosion. of the drum
(F) Drums and containers containing packaged laboratory waste are considered shock-sensitive or explosive until characterized.
CAUTION: Shipping of impact sensitive waste may be prohibited under US Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations. Employers and carriers should refer to 49 CFR 173.21 and 173.50.
(6) Laboratory waste packages: In addition to the requirements of subsection (j)(5), at least the following precautions must be taken when handling laboratory waste packages (laboratory containers).
(A) Laboratory packages shall be opened only when necessary and only by a person trained to inspect, sort, and separate the containers within the package according to the hazards of the waste.
(B) If crystalline material is found in a container, the contents must be treated as shock sensitive waste until the contents are identified.
(7) Sampling of Drums and Container Contents: Sampling of containers and drums shall be conducted in accordance with a sampling procedure that is part of the site health and safety plan developed for and available to employees and others on the site. specific job site.
(8) Shipping and Transportation.
(A) Drums and containers must be identified and classified before they are packed for shipment.
(B) Drum or container storage areas shall be limited to the minimum number required to safely identify and classify the materials and prepare them for shipment.
(C) Staging areas must have adequate access and escape routes.
(D) Collection of hazardous waste is only permitted after a full characterization of the materials has been completed.
(9) Tank and vault procedures.
(A) Tanks and safes containing hazardous substances shall be handled similarly to drums and containers, taking into account the size of the tank or safe.
(B) Proper tank or vault access procedures as described in the employer's health and safety plan and the requirements of 8 CCR, ch. 4, subchap. 7, Article 108 of the General Industrial Safety Regulation must be observed whenever employees need to enter a tank or vault.
(1) General: Procedures for all phases of decontamination must be developed and implemented in accordance with this subsection.
(2) Decontamination procedures.
(A) A decontamination procedure shall be developed, communicated to personnel, and implemented prior to allowing personnel or equipment to enter any area of the site where the possibility of exposure to hazardous materials exists.
(B) Standard operating procedures must be developed to minimize employee exposure to hazardous materials or equipment that has been in contact with hazardous materials.
(C) All employees leaving a contaminated area must be properly decontaminated; All contaminated clothing and equipment leaving a contaminated area must be disposed of or properly decontaminated.
(D) Decontamination procedures must be monitored by the site health and safety officer to determine their effectiveness. If such procedures are found to be ineffective, appropriate steps will be taken to remedy any deficiencies.
(3) Location: Decontamination should be performed in geographic areas that minimize exposure of uncontaminated personnel or equipment to contaminated personnel or equipment.
(4) Devices and Solvents: All devices and solvents used for decontamination must be decontaminated or disposed of properly.
(5) Personal protective clothing and equipment.
(A) Protective clothing and equipment must be decontaminated, cleaned, laundered, repaired, or replaced as necessary to maintain effectiveness.
(B) Employees whose non-impervious clothing becomes wet with hazardous materials must remove their clothing and shower immediately. Clothing must be discarded or decontaminated before being removed from the work area.
(6) Unauthorized Employees: Unauthorized employees will be instructed not to remove protective clothing or equipment from locker rooms.
(7) Commercial Laundries or Cleaning Companies: Commercial laundries or cleaning companies that decontaminate protective clothing or equipment must be informed of the potential harmful effects of exposure to hazardous substances.
(8) Showers and changing rooms: When the decontamination process indicates the need for regular showers and changing rooms outside of a contaminated area, these shall be provided and meet the requirements of 8 CCR, ch. 4, subchap. 7, article 9 of the General Industrial Safety Regulation. Where temperature conditions preclude effective use of water, other effective means of cleaning must be provided and used.
(yo) Emergency response by employees at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.
(1) Contingency plan.
(A) All employers must develop and implement an emergency plan under subsections (a)(1)(A)-(B) of this section to handle anticipated emergencies prior to the commencement of hazardous waste operations. The plan must be in writing and available for inspection and copying by employees, their representatives, department employees, and other government agencies with appropriate responsibilities.
(B) Employers who evacuate their employees from the danger area when an emergency occurs and who do not allow any of their employees to help manage the emergency are exempt from the requirements of this subsection if they submit an appropriate emergency plan with 8 CCR 3220 of the General Industry Safety Orders.
(2) Elements of an emergency response plan: The employer shall develop an emergency response plan, which includes at least the following:
(A) Contingency planning.
(B) Duties of personnel, authorities, and communications.
(C) Detection and Prevention of Emergencies.
(D) Safety distances and places of refuge.
(E) Site Security and Control.
(F) Evacuation routes and procedures.
(G) Decontamination procedures not covered by the site health and safety plan.
(H) Emergency Medical Treatment and First Aid.
(I) Emergency Alert and Response Procedures.
(J) Criticism of the reaction and follow-up.
(K) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Emergency Equipment.
(3) Procedures for dealing with emergencies.
(A) In addition to those established in subsection (yo)(2) the following elements shall be included in emergency response plans:
1. Site topography, layout, and prevailing weather conditions.
2. Procedures for reporting incidents to local, state, and federal government agencies.
(B) The emergency plan is a separate section of the site health and safety plan.
(C) The emergency plan must be compatible and integrated with the disaster, fire and/or emergency plans of local, state and federal agencies.
(D) The emergency plan must be rehearsed regularly as part of the overall site operations training program.
(E) The Site Contingency Plan will be reviewed periodically and amended as necessary to keep it current with new or changing Site information or conditions.
(F) An employee alert system must be in accordance with 8 CCR, Ch. 4, subchap. 7, Article 165 of the General Industry Safety Orders to notify employees of an emergency situation, stop work activities if necessary, reduce background noise to speed up communication, and initiate emergency response.
(G) Based on the information available at the time of the emergency, the employer must assess the incident and the site's response capabilities and proceed with the appropriate steps to implement the site's emergency response plan.
(m) Lighting: Areas accessible to personnel shall be illuminated to at least the minimum illuminance levels listed in Table H-1 while work is being performed:
Minimum illuminance in foot candles
area or operation
General areas of the site.
Excavation and waste areas, access roads, active storage areas, loading docks, recharging areas, and field maintenance.
Interior: warehouses, corridors, corridors and exits.
Tunnels, shafts and underground work areas in general. (EXCEPTION: A minimum of 10 foot tunnel and shaft head lights are required during drilling, cleaning, and lining. Mine Safety and Health Administration approved headlights are acceptable for use at the tunnel head. ).
General stores (for example, rooms for mechanical and electrical equipment, active warehouses, barracks or living quarters, changing rooms or dressing rooms, indoor dining rooms and bathrooms, and work rooms).
First aid stations, infirmaries and offices.
(n) Sanitary facilities in temporary workplaces.
(1) Drinking water.
(A) An adequate supply of potable water must be provided on site.
(B) Portable containers used for the supply of potable water shall be leak-proof and capable of being equipped with a spigot, and shall be otherwise designed, constructed, and maintained to maintain sanitary conditions. Containers should not be submerged in water.
(C) All containers used to store, dispense, or distribute drinking water must be clearly marked as to the nature of their contents and must not be used for any other purpose.
(D) Where disposable (single-use) cups are provided, a sanitary container for unused cups and a container for the disposal of used cups shall be provided.
(2) Non-potable water.
(A) Outlets for non-potable water, e.g. B. Water used for industrial or firefighting purposes must be labeled to clearly indicate that the water is unsafe and must not be used for drinking, washing, or cooking.
(B) There shall be no open or potential cross connections between a system that supplies potable water and a system that supplies service water.
(3) Sanitary facilities.
(A) At least one separate bathroom must be provided for every 20 employees or fraction of each gender. Such facilities may include toilets and urinals, provided the number of toilets is not less than half the minimum number of facilities required.
(1) If there are fewer than five (5) employees, one (1) single-user restroom facility serving all genders is sufficient.
(2) Each single-user all-gender sanitary facility counts as one of the required separate sanitary facilities if all of the following conditions are met: 1) the total number of sanitary facilities provided complies with subsection (n)(3 )( A); 2) all single-user toilet facilities are for single-sex use, and; 3) All separate multi-user toilets are provided in equal numbers for both genders.
(B) Under transient field conditions, arrangements must be made to ensure that at least one restroom is available.
(C) Hazardous waste landfills that are not equipped with a sewer system shall have the following sanitary facilities, unless prohibited by local regulations:
1. Chemical baths;
2. circulation baths;
3. incineration toilets; the
4. Flush the toilet.
(D) The requirements of this Subpart for restroom facilities do not apply to mobile crews that have transportation facilities to nearby restroom facilities.
(E) Doors leading to sanitary facilities must be equipped with entry locks controlled from inside the facility.
(F) Toilet facilities must be kept clean, in good working order, and stocked with sufficient toilet paper.
(4) Food Handling: All employee catering facilities and operations must comply with the applicable laws, ordinances and regulations of the jurisdictions in which they are located.
(5) Shelters: When shelters are provided, they must be heated, ventilated, and lighted.
(6) Laundering Facilities: The employer must provide adequate laundering facilities to employees who work in businesses where hazardous substances may be harmful to employees. These facilities must be in the immediate vicinity of the construction site; In areas where exposure is below published PELs and exposure levels and under the control of the employer; and must be equipped to allow employees to remove hazardous materials.
(7) Showers and changing rooms: When the removal or disposal of hazardous waste at a construction site begins and the duration of the work is six months or more, the employer shall provide showers and changing rooms for all employees who will be exposed to them. hazardous substances and health hazards involved in the disposal or disposal of hazardous waste.
(A) Showers must be provided and meet the requirements of 8 CCR 3366(f).
(B) Changing rooms must be provided and meet the requirements of 8 CCR 3367. Changing rooms shall consist of two changing rooms separated by the shower area required in subsection (n)(7)(A) of this section. A changing area with an exit leading away from the site should provide a clean area for workers to remove, store, and change into street clothing. The second zone, with exit to the work, is designed to provide workers with an area to put on and take off their work clothes and personal protective equipment and to store them.
(C) Showers and changing rooms must be located in areas where exposures are below published PELs and exposure levels. If this is not possible, a ventilation system must be provided that supplies air below the published PELs and exposure levels.
(D) Employers must ensure that workers shower at the end of their work shift and upon leaving the hazardous waste site.
(o) Emerging Technology Programs.
(1) The employer shall develop and implement procedures for the introduction of effective new technology and equipment designed to enhance the protection of workers involved in the removal of hazardous waste and implement them within the framework of the safety program to ensure that safety is preserved. worker protection. .
(2) New technology, equipment, or control measures available to the industry, such as B. The use of foams, absorbents, adsorbents, neutralizers, or other means to suppress air pollution levels during on-site excavation or to control Spills must be evaluated by employers or their representatives. Such evaluation should be carried out to determine the effectiveness of the new method, material or equipment before it is used on a large scale to improve worker protection. Information and data from manufacturers or suppliers may be used as part of the employer's assessment efforts. These evaluations must be made available to the department upon request.
(p) Certain operations conducted under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA): Employers who conduct operations at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities specified in subsection (a)(1)(D ) of this section shall provide and implement the programs specified in this subsection. (For non-covered Employers, see “NOTES AND EXCLUSIONS” in subsection (a)(2)(C) of this Section).
(1) Safety and health program: The employer shall develop and implement a written safety and health program for employees involved in hazardous waste operations, which shall be available for inspection by employees, their representatives, and the personnel of the department. The program must be designed to identify, assess, and control health and safety risks at your facility in order to protect workers; provide emergency response that meets the requirements of subsection (p)(8) of this Section; and, where applicable, address site testing, engineering controls, maximum exposure limits, hazardous waste management procedures, and use of new technologies.
(2) Hazard Communication Program – The employer must implement a hazard communication program that meets the requirements of 8 CCR 5194 as part of the employer's occupational health and safety program.
NOTE TO 8 CCR 5192: The hazardous waste exemption of 8 CCR 5194 applies to this section.
(3) Medical surveillance program: The employer shall develop and implement a medical surveillance program that meets the requirements of subsection (f) of this section.
(4) Decontamination Program: The employer shall develop and implement a decontamination procedure in accordance with subsection (k) of this section.
(5) New Technology Program: The employer develops and implements procedures that meet the requirements of subsection (o) of this section for introducing new and innovative equipment into the workplace.
(6) Material Handling Program: When employees handle drums or containers, the employer shall develop and implement procedures that meet the requirements of subsections (j)(1)(B) through (H) and (K) of this section. and (j)(3) and (j)(8) of this section before beginning such work.
(7) Training program.
(A) New Employees: The employer will develop and implement a training program, as part of the employer's safety and health program, for employees exposed to health hazards or hazardous materials at TSD operations to enable employees to bring carry out assigned work. Perform duties and function in a safe and healthy manner so as not to endanger yourself or other employees. Basic training is 24 hours and update training is 8 hours a year. Employees who have completed the initial training required under this paragraph will receive written certification of successful completion of the required training.
(B) Current Employees: Employers who can demonstrate through an employee's prior work experience and/or education that the employee has completed training equivalent to the initial training required by this subsection shall be deemed to have met the requirements of initial training of this subsection with respect to this employee. Equivalent training includes training existing employees may have already received through actual on-site work experience. Current employees receive eight hours of refresher training per year.
(C) Instructors: Instructors providing initial training must have successfully completed a training course in the teaching of the subjects they are to teach, or have the necessary academic qualifications and teaching experience to demonstrate mastery of the subject matter of the courses. with good command and competence. teaching skills.
(8) Contingency Program.
(A) Contingency Plan: All employers must develop and implement a contingency plan. Such plans need not duplicate any of the items fully covered in the employer's contingency plan required by permits, such as: B. those issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, provided the contingency plan is part of the permit. contingency plan. The emergency plan must be a written part of the employer's safety and health program required by subsection (p)(1) of this section. Employers who evacuate their employees from the workplace in an emergency and do not allow any of their employees to help manage the emergency are exempt from the requirements of subpart (p)(8) if they submit an appropriate emergency plan using 8 CRC 3220.
(B) Elements of an emergency plan: The employer shall develop an emergency plan for emergencies that covers at least the following areas, unless they are covered in a specific program required by this subsection:
1. Contingency planning and coordination with external parties.
2. Functions of personnel, authorities and communications.
3. Detection and prevention of emergencies.
4. Safety distances and places of refuge.
5. Site Security and Control.
6. Evacuation routes and procedures.
7. Decontamination procedures.
8. Emergency Medical Treatment and First Aid.
9. Emergency alert and response procedures.
10. Criticism of the reaction and follow-up.
11. Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and Emergency Equipment.
1. Emergency response training must be completed before you are required to work in actual emergencies. Such training must include the elements of the emergency plan, the standard operating procedures established by the employer for the position, the PPE to be used, and procedures for handling emergencies.
EXCEPTION #1: An employer need not train all employees to the specified extent if the employer assigns the workforce so that a sufficient number of employees responsible for handling emergencies receive the specified training, and all other employees Those who can be First responders to an emergency have sufficient awareness training to recognize that an emergency situation exists and, if so, are instructed to call fully trained personnel and not attempt control activities for which they are not trained.
EXCEPTION #2: An employer need not train all employees to the specified extent if arrangements have been made in advance for a fully trained outside emergency response team to respond within a reasonable time and all employees who may be the first in arriving at the incident they have done so. Sufficient awareness training to recognize that an emergency situation exists and have been instructed to call the fully trained designated external emergency response team for assistance.
2. TSD facility emergency response organization workers must be trained to a competent level in identifying health and safety hazards to protect themselves and other workers. This would include training on the methods used to minimize the risk of safety and health hazards; in the safe use of control devices; in the selection and use of appropriate personal protective equipment; in the safe operating procedures to be used at the scene of an accident; in coordination techniques with other employees to minimize risk; in responding appropriately to undue exposure to health hazards or injury to themselves and other employees; and in the detection of sequelae that may result from overexposure.
3. The employer must certify that each affected employee has attended and successfully completed the training required in subsection (p)(8)(C) of this section, or must certify the employee's competency at least annually. The employer must record and maintain the method used to demonstrate competency for training certification.
(D) Procedures for dealing with emergencies.
1. In addition to the contingency plan elements required in subsection (p)(8)(B) of this Section, the following contingency plan elements shall be included, unless they duplicate information already contained in the emergency plan:
a. Site topography, layout and prevailing climatic conditions.
b. Procedures for reporting incidents to local, state, and federal government agencies.
2. The emergency response plan must be compatible and integrated with the disaster, fire and/or emergency response plans of the local, state and federal government.
3. The contingency plan is rehearsed regularly as part of the overall site operations training program.
4. The site contingency plan will be reviewed periodically and amended as necessary to keep it current with new or changing site conditions or information.
5. A worker alert system must be installed per 8 CCR 6184 to notify workers of an emergency situation; stop work activities if necessary; reduce background noise to speed up communication; and initiate emergency procedures.
6. Based on the information available at the time of the emergency, the employer must assess the incident and site response capabilities and take appropriate action to implement the site's emergency response plan.
(q) Emergency response to releases of hazardous substances: This subsection applies to employers whose employees are involved in emergency response, regardless of where it occurs, except that it does not apply to employees involved in activities listed in subsections (a) (1)(A) to (a)(1)(D) of this Section. Those emergency organizations that have developed and implemented programs that comply with this subsection to deal with releases of hazardous materials under Section 303 of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (Emergency Planning and Superfund Right-to-Know Act). Community of 1986, 42 U.S.C. 11003). ) are considered to meet the requirements of this subclause.
(1) Contingency Plan: A contingency plan to deal with anticipated emergencies must be developed and implemented before the start of the emergency response. The plan must be in writing and available for inspection and copying by employees, their deputies, and department personnel. Employers who evacuate their workers from the hazardous area in an emergency and do not allow any of their workers to assist in the emergency response are exempt from the requirements of this subsection if they have an emergency plan in accordance with 8 CCR 3220.
(2) Elements of an emergency plan: The employer shall develop an emergency plan for emergencies that includes at least the following, unless otherwise addressed:
(A) Contingency planning and coordination with external parties.
(B) Functions of personnel, authorities, training and communication.
(C) Detection and Prevention of Emergencies.
(D) Safety distances and places of refuge.
(E) Site Security and Control.
(F) Evacuation routes and procedures.
(H) Emergency Medical Treatment and First Aid.
(I) Emergency Alert and Response Procedures.
(J) Criticism of the reaction and follow-up.
(K) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Emergency Equipment.
(L) Emergency organizations may use the local emergency plan or the state emergency plan or both as part of their emergency plan to avoid duplication of efforts. Contingency plan elements that are adequately addressed in SARA Title III plans can be incorporated into your contingency plan or kept together for employer and employee use.
(3) Procedures for handling the emergency response.
(A) The senior emergency response officer who has ultimate responsibility for site control shall confirm that the Incident Command System (ICS) is in place and that the Incident Commander (IC) position has been established.
All emergency services and their communication are coordinated and controlled through the ICS.
NOTE A (q)(3)(A): The "senior officer" in an emergency response is the senior officer at the site who has responsibility for supervising operations at the site until the emergency response officer has determined the final authority for incident control. arrives Initially, it is the officer in charge of the first responder arriving at the scene of the incident, usually a police or fire truck. As more senior officials arrive, the position will be moved to the pre-established line of responsibility. Because there may be multiple, separate areas of responsibility at a location (eg, police, fire department, CalTrans), there may be multiple "senior officers," each responsible for their own employees. The Senior Emergency Response Officer, who has ultimate responsibility for site control, is identified in the State of California Hazardous Materials Incident Response Plan (January 1991) established by the State Office of Emergency Services (OES). ) under the direction of Health and Safety. Code, Sec. 25503 (HS 25503) and California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 2 (19 CCR, Div. 2: Office of Emergency Services) and in coordination with the various cities and counties, i.
(B) The person responsible for ICS shall, to the extent possible, identify any hazardous materials or conditions present and, where appropriate, address site inspections, use of engineering controls, maximum exposure limits, procedures for the handling of hazardous materials and the use of new technologies.
(C) Depending on the hazardous materials and/or conditions present, the person responsible for ICS shall implement appropriate emergency response procedures and ensure that the PPE used is appropriate for the hazards encountered. However, PPE must meet at least the criteria contained in 8 CCR 3401-3408 when used while conducting firefighting operations beyond the initial stage of an incident.
(D) Personnel involved in emergency response who are exposed to hazardous materials that pose an inhalation hazard or a potential inhalation hazard shall wear a positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) during the emergency response until the person responsible for ICS is determined by use. of Air Monitoring so that a reduced level of respiratory protection does not result in hazardous exposure of employees.
(E) The person in charge of ICS shall limit the number of emergency response personnel on the scene of an emergency in areas exposed to potential or actual incident hazards or site hazards to those actively conducting emergency response. However, operations in hazardous areas must be performed in groups of two or more using the buddy system.
(F) Auxiliary personnel must be available with equipment to render assistance or rescue and not engage in activities that distract from that mission. Support personnel must be protected to at least the same level as the entry team. Priority first aid personnel with at least medical equipment and means of transport should also be available.
(G) The person in charge of the ICS shall designate a security officer who has knowledge of the operations taking place at the emergency response site and who has specific responsibility for identifying and assessing hazards and providing instructions in relation to the safety of emergency hand operations.
(H) If the Security Officer assesses that the activities are an IDLH condition and/or involve an imminently dangerous condition, the Security Officer has the authority to modify, suspend, or terminate those activities. The person in charge of security must immediately inform the person in charge of the ICS of all the necessary measures to eliminate these dangers in the place of the emergency.
(I) After the end of the emergency operation, the person responsible for the ICS must carry out the proper decontamination procedures.
(J) If deemed necessary to perform the task in question, approved SCBAs may be used with approved cylinders of other approved SCBAs, provided such cylinders have the same capacity and pressure rating. All compressed air cylinders used with SCBAs must meet US Department of Transportation (DOT) and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) criteria.
(4) Qualified support personnel: Personnel, not necessarily the employer's own employees, involved in the operation of specific equipment, such as work that cannot reasonably be performed in a timely manner by the employer's own employees and who are or may be exposed to the hazards of a job site, are not required to complete the training required in this subsection for regular employees of the Employer.
However, such personnel must receive initial on-site training before engaging in emergency response. The initial briefing should include instructions on how to use the proper personal protective equipment, the chemical hazards involved, and the tasks to be performed. All other reasonable safety and health precautions made available to the employer's own workers must be used to ensure the safety and health of those workers.
(5) Qualified personnel: Employees who work and are trained as part of their regular professional activity with the hazards of certain hazardous substances and who are consulted for advice or technical assistance when hazardous substances are released. The responsible person must receive annual training or demonstrate their Proficiency in the field of their demonstrated specialization.
(6) Training: The training is based on the duties and functions that every responder of an emergency organization has to fulfill. The skills and knowledge required for all new first responders (hired after the effective date of this standard) must be acquired through training before they are allowed to participate in the actual emergency response to an incident. Employees involved or expected to participate in emergency response must be trained in accordance with the following subsections:
(A) First Responders, Aware Level (FRA): Aware Level First Responders are individuals who are likely to witness or detect a release of hazardous materials and who have been trained to initiate an emergency response by notifying authorities corresponding to the exhaust. They would take no action other than to inform the authorities of the release. Awareness level first responders must have sufficient training or experience to provide objective evidence of competence in the following areas:
1. An understanding of what hazardous substances are and the risks involved in an incident.
2. An understanding of the possible consequences of an emergency arising when hazardous substances are present.
3. The ability to detect the presence of hazardous materials in an emergency.
4. The ability to identify hazardous substances, if possible.
5. An understanding of the first aid sensitizer's role in the employer's emergency response plan (including site safety and control) and the US Department of Transportation Emergency Response Guide.
6. The ability to detect the need for additional resources and send appropriate notifications to the communication center.
(B) First Responders, Operations Level (FRO): First responders at the operations level are individuals who respond to releases or potential releases of hazardous materials as part of the initial on-site response to protect people, property or the immediate environment of the effects of the release. They are trained to react defensively without trying to stop the release. Their role is to contain the release from a safe distance, prevent its spread, and prevent exposure. Operational level first responders must have received at least eight hours of training or have sufficient experience to objectively demonstrate competency in the following areas in addition to those listed for level of awareness; and the employer must certify:
1. Knowledge of basic hazard and risk assessment techniques.
2. Know how to select and use the proper PPE provided at the responder's level of service.
3. Understanding of basic hazardous materials terms.
4. Know how to perform basic control, containment and/or containment operations and rescue injured or contaminated persons within the capabilities of the resources and PPE available with your unit.
5. Know how to carry out basic decontamination procedures for equipment, wounded and rescuers.
6. An understanding of the relevant SOPs and termination procedures.
(C) Hazmat Engineers: Hazmat engineers are people who respond to releases or potential releases of hazardous materials to stop the release. They take on a more aggressive role than an operational level first responder when approaching the point of release to plug, patch, or stop the release of a hazardous material. Hazmat Technicians must have received a minimum of 24 hours of training, of which 8 hours must be at the First Aid level, and have additional competency in the following areas: and the employer must certify:
1. Know how to implement the employer's contingency plan.
2. Know the classification, identification and verification of known and unknown materials through the use of field survey instruments and equipment.
3. Be able to function within an assigned role in ICS.
4. Know how to select and use the correct specialty chemical PPE provided to the hazmat technician.
5. Understand hazard and risk assessment techniques.
6. Be able to perform advanced control, containment and/or containment and rescue operations of injured or contaminated persons within the capabilities of the resources and PPE available with the unit.
7. Understand and implement decontamination procedures for rescue teams, casualties, and personnel.
8. Understand termination procedures.
9. Understand basic chemical and toxicological terminology and practices.
(D) Hazmat Specialist: Hazmat specialists are people who respond to and assist hazmat technicians. Their duties are similar to those of the Hazardous Materials Technician, but require a more focused or specific knowledge of the various materials they may need to contain. The Hazardous Substances Expert would also liaise with federal, state, local and other government agencies regarding site activities. Hazmat Specialists must have completed at least 24 hours of technical level training and must also have proficiency in the following areas; and the employer must certify:
1. Know how to implement the local emergency plan.
2. Understand the classification, identification, and verification of known and unknown materials through the use of advanced surveying instruments and equipment.
3. Knowledge of the government's emergency plan.
4. Be able to select and use the correct chemical specialty PPE provided to the hazmat specialist.
5. Understand incoming hazard and risk techniques.
6. Be able to perform specialized control, containment, and/or containment operations within the capabilities of available resources and PPE.
7. Be able to determine and perform decontamination procedures.
8. Have the ability to develop a site health and safety control plan.
9. Understand the terminology and chemical, radiological and toxicological behaviour.
(E) Incident Commander/Senior Officers: Incident leaders who assume control of the scene beyond the level of knowledge of the responder shall receive a minimum of 24 hours of training appropriate to the level of knowledge and additional proficiency of the responder in the following areas; and the employer must certify:
1. Know and know how to implement the employer's operations control system.
2. Know how to implement the employer's contingency plan.
3. Know and understand the hazards and risks associated with employees working in chemical protective clothing.
4. Know how to implement the local emergency plan.
5. Knowledge of the state emergency response plan and the Federal Regional Response Team.
6. Know and understand the importance of decontamination procedures.
NOTE A (q)(6)(E): Commanders who are outside the danger area during an emergency situation and do not take charge of the incident and are not "specialists" as defined in subsection (q). (5) of this section are not subject to the provisions of this section.
(7) Instructors: Instructors teaching any of the above training subjects must have successfully completed a course of training in teaching the subjects they are required to teach, such as: B. California Specialty Training Institute, the California State Fire Marshal's Office, University of California, or US National Fire Academy; o They must have the necessary educational and/or academic qualifications and teaching experience to demonstrate competent teaching skills and a good command of the subject matter of the courses they are to teach.
(8) Refresher training.
(A) Those employees who have been trained in accordance with subsection (q)(6) of this section must receive annual refresher training of sufficient content and duration to maintain their competencies, or demonstrate their competencies in these areas at least once. year.
(B) A statement of training or competency must be provided; and if a certificate of competency is issued, the employer must keep records of the method used to demonstrate competency.
(9) Medical supervision and advice.
(A) Members of an organized and designated HAZMAT team and hazardous materials specialists must receive a basic physical examination and be medically supervised as required by subsection (f) of this section.
(B) Any emergency worker who exhibits signs or symptoms that can be attributed to exposure to hazardous materials in the course of an emergency, either immediately or subsequently, shall be subject to medical consultation in accordance with subsection (f)(3) . (B) of this Section.
(10) Chemical Protective Clothing: Chemical protective clothing and equipment used by organized and designated HAZMAT team members or hazardous materials specialists must meet the requirements of subparts (g)(3) through (5) of this section.
(11) Emergency response: After completing the emergency response, when it is determined that there is a need to remove hazardous substances, health risks, and materials (such as contaminated soil or other elements of the natural environment) contaminated with them. from the scene of the incident, the employer performing the cleanup must do one of the following:
(A) comply with all the requirements of subsections (b) through (o) of this Section; either
(B) If in-place cleanup is performed with plant or workplace employees, such employees must comply with the following training requirements: 8 CCR 3220, 8 CCR 5144, 8 CCR 5194, and other appropriate safety training and health required by the functions they must fulfill. execute, eg. B. the use of PPE and decontamination procedures. All equipment to be used to perform cleaning work must be in good working order and checked before use.
What section of OSHA covers hazardous waste operations and emergency response? ›
1910.120 - Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.Who is responsible for enforcing the buddy system? ›
OSHA requires you to implement site control procedures that include: An accurate, up-to-date site zone map, including, where appropriate, exclusion zones, contamination reduction zones, and decontamination areas. Use of a “buddy system” that puts workers into groups of two or more for operations in hazardous areas.What is the reportable quantity for D001? ›
The hazardous waste is a DOT Class 3 (flammable liquid) and is assigned EPA waste numbers D001 (RQ = 100 lbs.)What lists the general and permanent rules of federal agencies? ›
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government. The Federal Register is published every business day by the National Archives and Records Administration ( NARA ).What are the 4 lists of hazardous waste? ›
The four primary characteristics of hazardous wastes fall into specific lists: F, K, P, and U. Each of these is assigned unique waste coding, which is a significant part of RCRA that help to ensure regulated waste is disposed of appropriately.What are the 6 categories of hazardous waste? ›
- Class 1: Explosives.
- Class 2: Gases.
- Class 3: Flammable Liquid and Combustible Liquid.
- Class 4: Flammable Solid, Spontaneously Combustible, and Dangerous When Wet.
- Class 5: Oxidizer and Organic Peroxide.
- Class 6: Poison (Toxic) and Poison Inhalation Hazard.
- Class 7: Radioactive.
Federal OSHA does not cover local and state public sector (e.g., local and state government) employees. However, twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans have state occupational safety and health programs that cover local and state public sector employees.What is the Buddy method? ›
The buddy system is a procedure in which two individuals, the "buddies", operate together as a single unit so that they are able to monitor and help each other. As per Merriam-Webster, the first known use of the phrase "buddy system" goes as far back as 1942.What are the 3 OSHA response zones? ›
Well, it will consist of three zones: the exclusion zone, the contamination reduction zone, and the support zone.What are the 7 categories of hazardous waste? ›
The hazardous waste categories include acutely hazardous waste, extremely hazardous waste, non-RCRA hazardous waste, RCRA hazardous waste, special waste and universal waste.
What are the four types of listed waste? ›
When it comes to listed wastes, there are four sub-types of listed wastes. Among these are wastes that fall into the F-list, K-list, P-list and the U-list. Simply put, the F-list includes any wastes that have a nonspecific source, but are produced from manufacturing and industrial processes.What does the letter A mean in column 7? ›
A code containing the letter “A” refers to a special provision which applies only to transportation by aircraft. If your shipment of HazMat is not by air, then this special provision will not be applicable.What are the 3 main functions of federal agencies? ›
- Executive - Enforcing Law and Regulations.
- Quasi-legislative - Making Regulations.
- Quasi-judicial - Adjudicating violations of laws or regulations.
- Immigration law.
- Bankruptcy law.
- Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) laws.
- Federal anti-discrimination and civil rights laws that protect against racial, age, gender and disability discrimination.
- Patent and copyright laws.
Vertical standards are standards that apply to a particular industry or to particular operations, practices, conditions, processes, means, methods, equipment, or installations. Horizontal standards are other (more general) standards applicable to multiple industries.What are 5 examples of hazardous waste? ›
- brake fluid.
- chemical strippers.
- chlorine bleach.
- contact cement.
- drain cleaners.
- fire extinguishers.
For the purposes of this review these sources are defined as giving rise to four major categories of waste: municipal solid waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste and hazardous waste. Each of these waste types is examined separately below.What is considered hazardous waste in California? ›
A waste is a hazardous waste if it is a listed waste, characteristic waste, used oil and mixed wastes. Specific procedures determine how waste is identified, classified, listed, and delisted. For more information, view our Defining Hazardous Waste web page.What are the 9 main hazardous substances? ›
There are 9 hazardous substances symbols you need to know: flammable, oxidising, explosives, gas under pressure, toxic, serious health hazard, health hazard, corrosive and environmental hazard. Read more about them and examples of each here.What are the three types of hazardous? ›
There are three types of hazards: Human-Caused, Natural, and Technological. Human-Caused hazards include: Hazardous Material Incidents.
Which one of the following is not hazardous waste? ›
Organic waste matter such as animal manure, urine, and bedding material is non-hazardous waste, though chemical waste may be classified as hazardous waste.Which waste is not comes under hazardous waste? ›
Common industrial materials that are considered non hazardous in most states include ash, sludges, antifreeze, grinding dusts and liquids contaminated with non-hazardous chemicals.What are the 5 major groups types of waste? ›
- Liquid Waste. Liquid waste includes dirty water, wash water, organic liquids, waste detergents and sometimes rainwater. ...
- Solid Rubbish. Solid rubbish includes a large variety of items that may be found in households or commercial locations. ...
- Organic Waste. ...
- Recyclable Rubbish. ...
- Hazardous Waste.
The watermark-based lazy buddy system for dynamic memory management uses lazy coalescing rules controlled by watermark parameters to achieve low operational costs.Should buddy tape be tight? ›
Dry your skin thoroughly and place the padding between your fingers or toes. Starting at the base, wrap the tape around the digits. Wrap the tape around two to three times. Use gentle pressure as you wrap the tape without making it too tight.What is a buddy checklist? ›
In this context, an onboarding buddy checklist is a useful tool clarifying the essential onboarding tasks for buddies. The goal is to ensure a streamlined onboarding process for the employee, and role clarity for all the parties involved in buddy programmes at work.What are three 3 E's of safety stands for? ›
The three important E's of road safety are Education, Engineering and Enforcement.What are the 3 basic rights provided by the OSHA for every worker? ›
Receive required safety equipment, such as gloves or a harness and lifeline for falls. Be protected from toxic chemicals. Request an OSHA inspection, and speak to the inspector.What is a Level 3 response? ›
A2: A L3 Response is activated when a humanitarian situation suddenly and significantly changes and, following an analysis of five criteria - scale, complexity, urgency, capacity, and reputational risk - it is clear that the capacity to lead, coordinate and deliver humanitarian assistance and protection on the ground ...What are the 11 types of waste? ›
- Agricultural waste.
- Animal by-products.
- Biodegradable waste.
- Biomedical waste.
- Bulky waste.
- Business waste.
- Chemical waste.
- Clinical waste.
What are the 4 types of waste management? ›
- Waste compaction.
Under the lean manufacturing system, seven wastes are identified: overproduction, inventory, motion, defects, over-processing, waiting, and transport.What are the 8 common methods of waste disposal? ›
- Recycling. Incineration. ...
- Other thermal treatment plants. Chemical-physical and biological treatment. ...
- Chemical-physical and biological treatment. Landfills. ...
- Landfills. Collection and logistics.
The three R's - reduce, reuse and recycle - are three approaches, and the most environmentally preferred. Reducing, reusing and recycling waste helps save landfill space by keeping useful materials out.What does D stand for in HazMat? ›
D Identifies proper shipping names which are appropriate for domestic transportation, but which may be inappropriate for international transportation.
The description of hazardous materials on a shipping paper is contained in section 172.202. The basic description now includes proper shipping name, hazard class, identification number, and packaging group. The class names, IMO class and division numbers, or subsidiary hazard classes may be entered in parentheses.What does G mean in column 1 of the HazMat table? ›
The letter 'G' identifies proper shipping names for which one or more technical names of the hazardous material must be entered in parentheses, near the basic description.What is Section 5 a 1 of OSHA? ›
Zweber stated, Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (the "General Duty Clause") requires an employer to furnish to its employees: "employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees..."What is Section 5 a 1 of OSH Act? ›
The OSHA General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, requires that each employer furnish to each of its employees a workplace that is free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.Which section of 29 CFR 1910 120 covers emergency response? ›
§ 1910.120 Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. (v) Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard.
What is Section 13 of OHS Act? ›
13. Duty to inform. inform a health and safety representative as soon as reasonably practicable of the occurrence of an incident in the workplace or section of the workplace for which such representative has been designated.What are the 3 rights of workers according to OSHA? ›
The Occupational Health and Safety Act entitles all employees to three fundamental rights: The right to know about health and safety matters. The right to participate in decisions that could affect their health and safety. The right to refuse work that could affect their health and safety and that of others.What 4 categories of workers does OSHA not cover? ›
Not Covered under the OSH Act • The self-employed; • Immediate family members of farm employers; and • Workplace hazards regulated by another federal agency (for example, the Mine Safety and Health Administration, the Department of Energy, or the Coast Guard).What are the 4 main rules of the Health and Safety at Work Act? ›
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Adequate welfare provisions for staff at work. A safe working environment that is properly maintained and where operations within it are conducted safely. Suitable provision of relevant information, instruction and supervision.
OSHA standards fall into four categories: General Industry, Construction, Maritime, and Agriculture.What are the 3 major fields of Osh? ›
Occupational safety and health is a discipline with a broad scope involving three major fields – Occupational Safety, Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene. Occupational safety deals with understanding the causes of accidents at work and ways to prevent unsafe act and unsafe conditions in any workplace.What is the difference between 29 CFR 1910 and 29 CFR 1926? ›
To put it simply, the OSHA 29 CFR 1910 regulations detail general industry safety regulations and apply to most worksites. Alternately, the OSHA 29 CFR 1926 standards focus on the construction industry, and identify the specific work-related risks associated with it.Who does 29 CFR 1910 apply to? ›
The general standards at 29 CFR 1910 are applicable at all workplaces unless specifically prohibited or preempted by a specific standard which is directly related to the ongoing employee activities.What are 29 CFR Parts 1915 and 1917 and 1918 referred to as quizlet? ›
Part 1910. What are 29 CFR parts 1915, 1917 and 1918 reffered to as? Maritime Industry Standards.Who are the three types of workers not covered by the OHS Act? ›
The Act usually applies to all workplaces except private homes where work is done by the owner, occupant, or servants. Generally, it does not apply to farming operations unless made to do so by a specific regulation.
What are the 3 legislative requirements in respect to health and safety? ›
- ensure the safety and suitability of work equipment for the purpose for which it is provided;
- properly maintain the equipment, irrespective of how old it is;
- provide information, instruction and training on the use of equipment; and.
Section 24(1) stipulates that certain types of incidents, occurring at work or arising out of or in connection with the activities of persons at work, or in connection with the use of plant or machinery, in which persons are involved must be reported to the provincial director.